T R A C K       P A P E R

Login Panel

Close tab

Password Meter

International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Research Technology

Volume 3 Issue 5 (May 2017)

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : The Internet of Things: Illusion or Confirmatory element to consider in the 21st century

Authors : Mboungou Mouyabi Seke

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

The 21st century is full of innovations, among many; the internet of things becomes a reality within the degeneration and reformation of computers. Abundant papers and business articles written recently, talk more about the rapidity at which technology is restructuring any industry background, which is a tangible proof of what our century holds. This paper dialogs on the huge pace of changes created by the revolution of technology through computers with a particular focus on the internet of things been a confirmatory detail. We found tangible ground of rocks to argue on the Internet of thing been a confirmatory element of our century, and we have proved it with statistics and examples in this paper.

1-7
2

Title : Grid Synchronization in PV Fed Grid Connected System Using Frequency Adaptive MHDC-PLL Control Scheme

Authors : S.Priya, M.Malathi, K.Suganya

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

This paper has deleted due to plagiarism issue.

8-12
3

Title : Application of Fly Ash, Rice Husk Ash and Bentonite to Deminish the Permeability Value of Fine Sand

Authors : Joyanta Maity, Saurav Pal, Mainak Mukherjee

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

To utilize and distribute the valuable water for drinking, agricultural and industrial purposes, it is necessary to store the available water in a planned environmental friendly manner. One of the most important ways to do so is being done by construction of cost effective dam at suitable location on the path of river which receives the major part of surface runoff from catchment area and discharge the same to the sea or lake. But to cut short the seepage loss from reservoir storage to permissible limit, it is essential to provide suitable core section in the earth dam, with material of very low permeability. Unfortunately soils of low permeability may not be available near the sites and large cost will be involved in transportation to bring impervious cohesive soil to the sites. Thus, costs effective method needs to be devised to use the locally available material of high permeability by modifying such soil suitably. In the present study, an experimental programme has been undertaken with the aim primarily to diminish the permeability value of locally available fine sands so that it can be used as core material of the earthen dam. Here, different percentages of fly ash, rice husk ash, and bentonite were used as admixture, to the sand and several permeability tests have been conducted on such mixed soil at respective OMC to determine the effect of such mixing on permeability value of the composite material and find the optimum percentage of mixing to effect minimum value of permeability.

13-15
4

Title : Improvement of Alluvial Soil by Mixing With Rice Husk Ash

Authors : Abhishek Mondal, Joyanta Maity, Arghyakamal Bhattacharya

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Rice Husk Ash (RHA) is an industrial waste generated from Rice-mill. It being very light weight, has a chance of transportation by wind and hence creates a disposal problem. It can be collected and utilised in some geotechnical improvement works if it is mixed with clay in proper quantities. As the available soil near construction site does not reach the required specification for the construction of pavements it requires an efficient and economical method to improve the soil properties. Several methods of soil improvements have been developed and in this study rice husk ash have been used for the stabilization of soil. Alluvial deposit of Hooghly River collected from Chinsurah has been used as the test material in this study where as Rice Husk Ash were collected from locally available Rice Mill around Kolkata. This paper aims in finding out the improvement of various geotechnical parameters upon application of RHA. California Bearing Ratio (CBR), Maximum Dry Density (MDD), Optimum Moisture Content (OMC) are the three major parameters which has been studied for its variation with change in RHA content. Hooghly river deposit has been used as the test material. It was found that the CBR value increases with increase in RHA content whereas the MDD decreases with increase in RHA content and OMC increases with increase in RHA content.

16-18
5

Title : Behaviour of Clayey Soil Mixed With Randomly Distributed Rubber Tyre Waste

Authors : Rajib Ghosh, Joyanta Maity

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Large construction of various Civil Engineering schemes demands optimum and efficient use of construction resources. Requirement of fill material for large-scale constructional activities of roads, is enormous and available soils near construction sites are weak in strength and of high compressibility. This type of low strength soils need addition of some strengthening elements to increase their strength and reduce their high compressible nature. On the other hand, the uses of motor vehicles are increasing in everywhere in an extreme rate. The application of waste rubber tyre in soil results increase in strength and decrease of deformability. Such application will reduce the cost by providing lesser thickness of pavement results lesser quantity of materials. In this paper waste rubber tyre has been randomly mixed at varying length and percentage with weak clayey soil to improve the strength and decrease the deformability of soil. Standard Proctor test and California Bearing Ratio test have been conducted for each combination of soil- rubber tyre chips mix combination to study the behaviour of the engineering properties of soil- rubber tyre chips mix combination.  From the test results, it was observed that with the increase in percentage of waste tyre chips in soils, maximum dry density decreases whereas optimum moisture content remains almost constant. Further, the CBR value of the soil- rubber tyre chips mix composite at OMC, increased with increase in percentage of waste tyre-tube chips.

19-21
6

Title : Application of Hemp Fibre for Subgrade Improvement

Authors : Dipanjan Hazra, Joyanta Maity, Bikash Chandra Chattopadhyay

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

For transportation development in India huge amount construction of roads are being made through different schemes. For such constructions, requirement of fill material for subgrade is enormous. But in many cases available soils near construction sites are found to be weak in strength and of high compressibility, after routine compaction.  Reinforced soil structure is an effective technique for increasing the strength of soil. Reinforced soil is widely used as the construction material in formation of subgrade for roads, railway tracks, airfields and in retaining walls or abutments. Fibre-reinforced soil is becoming a viable soil improvement method for geotechnical engineering problems including stabilization of shallow slopes, construction of new embankments with marginal soils, reduction of shrinkage cracking in compacted clay liners and reinforcement of roadway subgrades. However, extensive research is needed to study the behaviour of randomly mixed Hemp as a natural fibre with soil before their application in practice. This paper presents the stabilization of soil using randomly distributed Hemp fibre at varying lengths and percentages by weight of soil. Compaction tests and California Bearing Ratio (CBR) tests were conducted to investigate the behaviour of soil mixed with Hemp fibre. From the test results, it was observed that with the increase in percentage of Hemp fibre in soil, maximum dry density decreases whereas optimum moisture content increases. Further, the CBR value of the composite at OMC, increased with increase in percentage of Hemp fibre.

22-24
7

Title : Seismic Bearing Capacity of Strip Footing

Authors : Srijita Dey, Bikash Chandra Chattopadhyay, Joyanta Maity

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

At present there are quite a number of available methods, to predict the bearing capacity of a strip footing under dynamic loads, but it is not evident which one of these methods predicts more accurately under a given situation. From the viewpoint of possible earthquake effects, India is divided into four zones, for computing seismic forces, either seismic coefficient method (used for pseudo static design of foundations of buildings & bridges) or response spectrum method (used for the case of earth dam) is used [5]. These forces along with the static forces make the foundation subjected to eccentric inclined load. If the resultant load on the foundation has an eccentricity ‘e’ only in one direction then the dimension of the foundation in that direction is allowed to be reduced by ‘2e’. In this condition it is proposed to study changes of allowable bearing capacity during earthquake for strip footing on sandy soil for various ranges of width of foundation (B), angle of shearing resistance (Φ) of supporting soil and intensity of earthquake from different available theories to check the relativities of such theories. The majority of available solutions in the literature are analytical. Solutions for dynamic bearing capacity for identical foundation were obtained and comparison were made to seek relative differences between the results from such different theories for varying seismic condition. 

25-30
8

Title : Correlation of Different Physical Properties of Cohesive Soil

Authors : Anurag Sarkar, Joyanta Maity, Abhishek Mondal

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

The correlation of different properties of soil play an important role in many practices for soil and foundation engineering. It may not be possible to conduct large number of time consuming shear and consolidation tests, where, the structure is built on a thick clayey deposit. Again, there are also difficulties to recover undisturbed soil samples from very stiff to hard clayey layer as well as very soft clay layer. But the strength of these layers are essential to be known for design purpose. Under such conditions, correlations are important to estimate the engineering properties of soil. Kolkata being one of the largest metropolises in India and mostly founded on alluvial deposit, has been taken into consideration for our study. In this study, laboratory test results and borehole logs from many parts of Kolkata and Rajarhat-Newtown area, provided by various private companies have been considered. The available collected data of boreholes from Kolkata and New Town area gave all the parameters required to make the equations and their graphical representation. Since the process of consolidation test, shear strength test, triaxial test or unconfined compression strength test etc. are time consuming, the correlation of different properties of soil play an important role for design purposes. 

31-33
9

Title : Application of Natural Fibre with Sand and Moorum for Subbase Construction of Roads

Authors : Joyanta Maity, Saurav Pal, Debankar Sengupta

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

In India recently large amount of construction of roads are going on. Such constructions require huge quantity of good brickbats for subbase of road. But the production of bricks is limited due to non-availability of good soils. In view of this there is growing need for use of alternate materials  in place of brickbats for making sub base. On the other hand, natural fibers like Jute and Coir fiber are biodegradable, eco-friendly and are available in abundance in India. Randomly distributed fibers is one of the latest techniques in which fibers of desired quality and type are added to the soil. This method is very easy and no special skill is required. Therefore natural fiber can be mixed with sand and moorum in the sub base course  to result increase in strength and decrease deformability. Such application will also reduce the cost of pavement. An experimental program has been undertaken here for the improvement of compactibility of sands, and increase in California Bearing Ratio of such laid fiber-sand-moorum composite layers.  From this study, remarkable increase in the CBR values was observed with the increase of percentage (%) of moorum mixed for various sand-fiber mix. These sand-fiber composite mixed with 25% of moorum by weight of sand may suit best as subbase material for highway having CBR greater than 20%. 

34-36
10

Title : Assessment of Carbon Footprint in Building Construction

Authors : Joyanta Maity, Syed Ali Farhad, Bikash Chandra Chattopadhyay

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Global warming, which is generally and widely  considered to be predominately caused by greenhouse gases as a result of human activities, has been one of the most critical and strategic environmental challenges. Carbon footprint is a term commonly used to describe the total amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions. For  example, in the paper making industry, the carbon footprint of paper is the amount of greenhouse gases released into the environment during the full life cycle of paper making. Carbon dioxide emissions from transportation of raw materials, as well as methane emissions from landfill sites can sometimes also be important contributors. Globally, the calculation/evaluation and reduction of carbon footprint of the contributing industries is an urgent and strategic task. In order to achieve sustainable and environmentally friendly future for the all industries, strategically effective measures (such as energy efficiency improvement of the manufacturing processes, energy self-sufficiency, use of non-fossil/carbon-neutral fuel energy and bio-based and biodegradable chemicals, practicing of sustainable forestry, development of integrated forest products biorefinery technology, efficient use of wood and non-wood fibers, more local sourcing of materials, can be implemented to reduce its carbon footprint. It goes without saying that ensuring a carbon-neutral economy of construction is one of the ultimate goals of green and sustainable development. In this paper, an attempt has been made to estimate the carbon footprint in correction with the building of an five storied building in a mega city of Kolkata, West Bengal.

37-41
11

Title : Characteristics of Clayey Soil Mixing With Randomly Distribute Plastic Waste Bags

Authors : Arindam Saha, Joyanta Maity, Bikash Chandra Chattopadhyay

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Due to large-scale constructional activities of roads in India, requirement of fill material is enormous and available soils near construction sites may be weak in strength and of high compressibility, even after proper compaction. Such soils need addition of some strengthening elements to increase the strength and to reduce the compressibility of weak soil. On the other hand, the uses of plastic waste bags are increasing in everywhere in an unprecedented rate. Huge stockpiles of scrap or waste plastic bags constitute environmental and health hazards by producing air pollution from waste plastic stockpile fires and breeding grounds for potential disease. Also scrap waste plastic does not decompose easily. In such conditions, clayey soil mixed with randomly distributed waste plastic bags can be used if suitable, to increase strength and decrease deformability in road construction in a cost- effective manner. This paper presents the stabilization of cohesive soil using randomly distributed waste plastic bags at varying lengths and percentages by weight of cohesive soil. Compaction tests were conducted to investigate the behavior of clayey soil mixed with waste plastic bags. From the test results, it was observed that with the increase in percentage of waste plastic bags in clayey soil, maximum dry density decreases whereas optimum moisture content increases. But, the strength values of the composite at OMC, increased with increase in percentage of waste milk plastic bags up to a certain limit.

42-44
12

Title : Characteristics of Sandy-Clay Mixed With Various Proportions of Sugarcane Fiber

Authors : Subhadeep Mondal, Joyanta Maity, Bikash Chandra Chattopadhyay

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

In many situations, the engineers in road construction face the problem of subgrade soil of  loose and soft soil with poor drainage conditions resulting low CBR value when placed at OMC in compacted condition.  Huge amount of sub-grade soil is being required for constructing of large amount of road construction. But available strength of soils near road construction sites is not suitable. Such soils need addition of some strengthening elements. Natural fibers from sugarcane are biodegradable, eco-friendly and are available in high amount in many countries at very low cost. The mixing of fibre in soil results increase in strength and decrease of deformability. In this investigation, Sugarcane fibre was randomly mixed at varying length and percentage with weak clayey soil to improve the compactness and strength of soil. A series of standard Proctor test and unsoaked California Bearing Ratio (C.B.R) tests were conducted for each combination of soil- fiber mix to study the compaction behaviour and changing C.B.R value of the soil- fiber mix combination. From the test results, it was observed that with the increase in percentage of fiber in soils, M.D.D decreases due to its light mass density of fibre, whereas O.M.C increases due to its high water absorption capacity. However maximum C.B.R value is achieved at mixing fibers of 2 cm length at 1% mixing by weight.

45-47
13

Title : Soil Mapping of Newtown Area in West Bengal

Authors : Joyanta Maity, Kaustav Chatterjee, Mainak Mukherjee, Amar prit Singh Arora

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Due to urbanization over the world, all the important cities particularly in recently developed or developing countries are subjected to increase suitable public accommodation and transportation facilities. To cope with such rising demand from increasing population, high rises buildings of increasing heights have been adopted in all big cities in world. Newtown is being cover up over the he barren marshy land on the eastern boarder of city of Kolkata. Massive development is being made over a small time period and over an area where there is hardly any construction till date. Further this sub-soil condition is not at all known quantitatively. However within the recent few years large numbers of structures and facilities have already been constructed for which detail soil-explorations have been made. However in these new cities for construction of buildings with less than two-storied soil exploration is not compulsory but more than two-storied for any commercial or industrial projects soil exploration is mandatory. To help proper construction for builders of less than two-storied and permit data for others for planning and estimating the budgets of proposed project soil mapping of this area will be highly beneficial. With this view, the soil mapping of this Newtown has been undertaken in this project. 

48-52