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International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Research Technology

Volume 3 Issue 3 (March 2017)

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : A comparative study on relations and vague relations

Authors : Dr. Hakimuddin khan, Dr. Poonam Tariq

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Abstract :

Relation is a word by which we connect at least two quantities by a rule. If there is no connection, it means there is no relation between the quantities, such quantities are treated as independent quantities in mathematics. Generally in algebra we define “ A relation is a subset of Cartesian product of two  non empty sets. The definition of a relation indicates that without Cartesian product of two non empty sets a relation can not be formed. Generally there are three type of relations in algebra. Reflexive, symmetric and transitive. The relation which is reflexive and symmetric and transitive is called equivalence relation. Taking this theory in mind the researchers introduce the concept of intuitionistic fuzzy (vague ) relations. Fuzzy sets  introduced by Zadeh [1] had a great importance in the field of management, computer sciences, and daily life problems later on the theory of intuitionistic fuzzy set was introduced by Attnassove [2]  by using Zadeh :s Fuzzy set theory. In this present paper the author discuss a comparison between relations and vague relations,and their properties.

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2

Title : Study on The Properties Of Polyester Resin Mortar Using River Sand

Authors : Suchampa bagchi

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Abstract :

The purpose of this study is to investigate the properties of polyester resin using the river sand and fly ash and GGBS as micro filler. River sand is taken as fine aggregate passing through 4.75mm sieve. The various properties such as fineness modulus, specific gravity, void content and void ratio of river sand, fly ash and GGBS is found out. The mix design of the mortar was worked out to find the various proportions of each material for the purpose of casting the cubes of size 70.6 x 70.6 x 70.6 mm . The strength of the polyester resin mortar using fly ash and GGBS as micro filler is then found out by casting cubes  with different percentage of resin, filler and river sand. The study showed that maximum strength was found for a workable mix with a resin percentage of 14 in case of river sand and fly ash resin mortar and 15% in case of river sand and GGBS resin mortar.

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3

Title : Wind Turbine Using Doubly Fed Induction Generator Systems for Wind Turbines

Authors : Mr. Amit Pratap Singh, Beauty Singh, Priyanshu Singh, Satyam Nishad, Shashank Trivedi

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Abstract :

In order to fully study the electrical , mechanical and aerodynamic aspects of a wind turbine with doubly fed induction generator , a detailed model, or vice versa. Hence, the effects of interactions between electrical and mechanical components are not accurately taken into account. In this paper, three simulation programs- Turbsim, FAST and Simulink—are used to model the wind, mechanical and electrical parts of a wind turbine.

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4

Title : Novel counter electrodes of dye-sensitized solar cells based on activated carbon prepared from wood of Choerospondias axillaris seed-stones and Alnus nepalensis plant

Authors : Prakash Joshi

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Abstract :

Activated carbon prepared by the carbonization of wood of Choerospondias axillaris (Lapsi) seed-stones and Alnus nepalensis (Utis) plant have been used as novel catalysts for reduction of tri-iodide ions in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). The X-rays diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectroscopy of the activated carbons revealed that the carbonaceous materials contain amorphous and graphitic forms of carbon. The DSCs were tested in natural sunlight. The DSCs with counter electrodes (CEs) based on activated carbon of Lapsi seed-stones and Utis yielded efficiencies of 0.94 % and 1.12 %, respectively compared with 3.24 % of efficiency from the DSC with the CE based on commercially available graphite based carbon composite from Solaronix.

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5

Title : Power Factor Improvement of the System

Authors : Abhishek kumar, Manisha kushwaha, Ratnesh Shukla, Vishal Sharma, Naimuddin

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Abstract :

This paper deals with the design of power factor improvement of the power system using single phase loads. Since nearly all the loads are inductive in nature and hence provides low power factor (lagging in nature). Power factor is one of the important attribute for any AC system. The power consumed is directly proportional to the power factor. Hence for low power factor large current is required, results in voltage drop, copper loss, and increase in economic cost. To encounter such problems in a power system implementing new and better devices to improve power factor is very important. Here in this paper we are using microcontroller controlled device to improve the power factor and compensate reactive power.

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6

Title : Agro-Bot

Authors : Kartikeya Asthana, Aditya Rastogi, Anjali choudhary, Manas Singh

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Abstract :

The paper aims on the design, development and the fabrication of the robot which can dig the soil, put the seeds, close the mud and spray water. The whole systems of robot works with the battery .More than 40% of the population in the world choose agriculture as the primary occupation. In recent years the development of the autonomous vehicles in the agriculture has experienced increased interest. The vehicle is controlled by Bluetooth. In the field of agricultural autonomous vehicle, a concept is been developed to investigate if multiple small autonomous machine could be more efficient than traditional large tractors and human forces.

Keeping the above ideology in mind, a unit with the following feature is designed:

  • Digging is one of the first steps in farming. During this process we till the land with teeth like structure called harrow.
  • Seed sowing comes next where the seeds need to be put in ground at regular intervals and these needs to be controlled automatically.
  • Mud leveler is fitted to close the seeds to the soil and to level ground.
  • Water pump sprayer is used to spray water.
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7

Title : Digital Technology as the key Factor in the Fourth Industrial Revolution - Industry 4.0

Authors : Isak Karabegovic

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Abstract :

In the past ten years digital technology has significantly contributed to changing the lives of people throughout the world, because its application enabled a rapid transformation of all aspects of human life, especially fast transformations in the design, manufacturing, operation and maintenance of production systems, thus causing a sudden jump in productivity. We can easily say that fourth industrial revolution happened, which can be labeled in a variety of ways such as "Intelligent factory", "Smart industry" or "Advance manufacturing". In the near future (as expected by 2025), machinery, appliances, robots and people must be mutually linked, so that they can work together and communicate with each other via internet platforms (IOT). Information systems will create a virtual copy of the physical world, which will allow the action from one place to change a realistic process of industrial production. It will cause decentralization of decision-making, so that the production processes can make decisions independently, and only in the event of a fault or conflicting objectives decisions will be delegated to a higher level. The application of information and communication technology (ICT) enabled us to have information on the basis of which we can perform the integration of all systems at all stages of the creation of new products, both within the production process and outside the system (referring to the logistics and supply). Application of digital technologies in the production processes in the industry creates flexible automation, maximum adjustment of production to rapid change in the direction of customer demands, increased rate of production, better quality and increased productivity. All these advantages are realized with the implementation of the following technologies: Big Data, Cloud Computing, Internet, Simulations, Artificial Intelligence, and System Integration, representing support technologies such as Additive manufacturing, Autonomous Machines and Human-Machine Integration. The paper gives an overview of the technological revolutions that have so far occurred worldwide, and factors of changes in society meaning demographic, socio-economic and technological, with the emphasis on digital technologies that bring changes in all segments of society and production processes. The implementation of digital technology, robot technology and all the advanced technologies enable us to produce intelligent automation and intelligent factories, thus creating a society in which wealth is created through strengthening the global competitiveness, to serve the regulation of social issues in society.

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8

Title : Advance Line Following Robot

Authors : Shivam Singh, Prashant Kumar

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Abstract :

It is fascinating yet quite challenging to build proper LINE FOLLOWING ROBOT. This paper presents the development of a line follower wheeled mobile robot. In this project At89s52 which is 8051 family based microcontroller is chosen as the main controller to react towards the data received IR sensors to give fast, smooth, accurate and safe movement in partially structured environment. The designed robot is an economical pilotless transportation in industries for detecting obstacles and for monitoring to prevent damages of robot. The whole system can be made functional and deployed. The system monitored through Group Special Mobile (GSM). It stops the robot when there is an obstacle and passes the information to the client about the barrier. Embedded system helps to minimize human power, decreases power consumption and provides greater performance.

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